Xerox 660

Created: February 8, 2015 3:58 pm by Admin
Modified: March 24, 2017 9:51 am by Admin

In October 1966 started the production of the Xerox 660 desktop copier, which was a improved version of Xerox 813. To make a copy, you entered how many copies you wanted, and then fed the original into the machine. The original came out in a slot in front of the machine, and the copies came out of a slot right beneath where the original came out. Obviously one couldn't make copies from a book with this machine.

The paper path inside the copier was quite simple. When the paper left the paper tray, a “gripper bar” with two clips opened and grabbed the paper and transported it under the drum, and through the fuser. The fuser unit was not a heat roller, but a heater lamp, and the paper passed under this heating lamp, in order for the toner to melt into the paper.

Front cover of the 660 Key Operator manual

660 Key Operator manual

System test at Welwyn Garden City

System test at Welwyn Garden City

Toner and drums were tested to ensure manufacturing quality, in the test facility at Welwyn Garden City. In this photo you can see 3600, 4000, 7000 and 660 copiers.

Xerox 660 advertisments

If anyone has more information about this model, or have brochures / pictures, please leave a reply in the form below, or send an email to xeroxnostalgia@outlook.com

18 Responses

  1. Jim says:

    I was a service rep in the 70’s and 80’s, and we were very fond of these by-then-outdated old machines. They were of course not designed for high volume, they were, instead, a small office fixture. They made VERY high quality copies when well-maintained, however, and were just unbreakable. They just ka-chunk ka-chunked right along like an old steam engine.

    As the article above states, they had a heat lamp fuser, and occasionally the paper would get stuck and smoke, but, due to the air flow, seldom if ever, actually catch on fire. Kit really depended on the operator to open the side and pull out the smoldering paper. lol to think about it now,. This design would not be allowed today!

  2. Ray says:

    Jim – You are right — it did make excellent copies.

    For the longest time, I had one of these that I rescued from my dad’s office in the 1990’s. It still ran well, but, I could no longer find a supplier for the cotton Webs for it, (even though I had 2 cases of dry ink) so I gave it to a guy. I kinda wish I had hung on to it — from time to time, I see Webs for them pop up on eBay or other sites!!

    I once told a Xerox Rep who serviced our 1990’s 1025 Marathon Copier about having it. He joked that it was the model that they included a free fire extinguisher with. 🙂

    • Jim says:

      LOL about the free fire extinguisher. A bank in a medium-sized Texas town had a 660 in the early 80’s they just kept just because it still worked.

      They called for servce statng that “the paper keeps gettng stuck and catching on fire”. Another tech rep and I were riding together because it was lunch, and we took the call. We drove into town, down main street, and around the corner to the bank, and damn there were about 5 fire trucks, cops, fire hoses running across the street, people, running back and forth. We were like “No! It can”t be!” We just loooked at each other dumbfounded. We got out and final.y foumd a secretary we knew, she told us it was an electrical fire that started in the basement. We just looked at each other like “Ooookay.”

    • Barry Deeks says:

      Hi to all from Cape Town South Africa. Retired now, I also started my Xerox career as a 660 tech. Just to add that the messy web cleaning system was later replaced by a rubber “doctor blade” system which cleaned the drum in much the same way as a car’s windscreen wiper cleans the windscreen. Regards.

  3. Don says:

    All supplies and parts for discontinued Xerox copiers, duplicator etc. products are available from The Parts Drop. I owned a 3100LDC, then a 1020 (smallest Marathon Copier model) now I have a 5335.

    • admin says:

      You don’t happen no know of any old Xerox copiers for sale? Has been looking for a long time for a Xerox 4000 copier to buy.

      • Gary says:

        I keep antique models of office automation and I do have a RANK XEROX 660 with me for sale.

        • Mimi Munson says:

          Hi Gary,
          Could I get in touch with you about possibly seeing what antique xerox machines you might have for sale? Thank you, either email or phone would be great.
          Best,
          Mimi

  4. Clark says:

    I worked on these in the 80’s. Xerox went through a fallow period, and actually reintroduced a variant of these. The awesome error: the machine had a lever to take the tension off the gripper bar chain so you could remove the (xerographic) drum. Everybody, at least once, started up the machine with the lever still in the service position. The gripper bar would shatter all three fuser lamps, then bend into a u shape. What a pain that was. You really tried not to do that twice.

    • admin says:

      Thanks for your reply. When Xerox reintroduced a variant of the 660, did it still had the same model number 660? Or was that the 813?

    • Jim says:

      LOL Clark I forgot all about that, starting the machine with the grippers down. I never did but everyone else I knew did it at least once.

  5. Graham says:

    I serviced the Rank Xerox 660 many years ago, along with the RX914/720 and the RX3600/7000 models. I have field service and key operator manuals for several Xerox models including the RX 660. I recall one amusing event when I was demonstrating to a young female operator how to remove a document jam from inside the machine. Upon finishing the demo I flipped up the side panel catching her pleated skirt causing brief embarrassment to us both followed by a good laugh. This only ever happened the once.

  6. DougGilb says:

    I worked on all the old stuff in the 70s.

    914, the original automatic copier
    720 replaced the 914
    1000 replaced the 720

    813 original table top
    660 replaced the 813

    I also did duplicators like the 7000
    The 4000 was the first electronically controlled machine.

    The 3100 was the first to use a magnetic brush for developement and the clam shell design now still used on copiers and printers.
    Poor Xerox had many good ideas but internal politics kept the company from ever being great other that the flash in the pan success in the 1960s.

    Some fun notes. The 660 had a nylon fish line that would burn in half to keep a burning piece of paper from being delivered into the customers hand.
    The 914 used to have a built in fire extinguisher untill they fireproofed many of the fuser components. It also had little plastic bird beak shaped devices to mechanically catch paper jams because the original photo eyes never worked because the would get toner on them.
    All 9f the older machines were a dirty mess in the office and internally. Techs were more janitors than mechanics.

  7. Martin says:

    In Britain (don’t know if it happened in the States) but these were modified via an image capture system bolted to the top of it to become a Microfiche printer, each image had to be set up manually and a fiche card could hold anything up to 300 images a job could take days!..

  8. Trevor says:

    Ah memories!!!
    The bliss of replacing the meter switch where you turned the whole machine on its side to remove the bottom panel – remebering to remove the cascade developer first of cours. I recall my product training course was learning how to reset the Time-Out Cam in a phone call to a “specialist ” 200 miles away
    I have just found one of these and having it shipped to the UK to restore in retirement. It will sit well with my 6085 / 4045 Documenter 5014 copier and 645E Memorywriter
    Of course if anyone has a copy of the old FIMS Service documentation for a 660 I would welcome a contact

  9. Claus Elker says:

    What a trip down memory lane this Website is.

    I joined Rank Xerox Australia in January 1979.

    The 660, along with the 3100F machines, were my introduction to photocopiers. I have worked on a wide range over the years including the 6085/8000/8090 servers/workstation as well as the 850/860 word processors and decentralized laser printers. Currently in my 38th year, now with Fuji Xerox, I support the range of office MFDs.

    I remember having to reset the TOC as Trevor mentions above. Primitive by today’s standard yet good machines in their day.

    Any one remember the 3450 and its horrendously noisy gearbox? Oh what fun that was to fix!!!

  10. Ramiro says:

    I start to work for Xerox in Brasil in 1996 as X660 Tec rep.
    I service also 3100/3107 and my last Tec Rep Job was with X-9700 series, but a have good records of 660. It is a school for mechanics logic!

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