Xerox was founded in 1906 in Rochester as The Haloid Photographic Company, which originally manufactured photographic paper and equipment. In 1938 Chester Carlson, a physicist working independently, invented a process for printing images using an electrically charged drum and dry powder "toner".
Joseph C. Wilson, credited as the "founder of Xerox", took over Haloid from his father. He saw the promise of Carlson's invention and, in 1946, signed an agreement to develop it as a commercial product. Wilson remained as President/CEO of Xerox until 1967 and served as Chairman until his death in 1971.
Looking for a term to differentiate its new system, Haloid coined the term Xerography from two Greek roots meaning "dry writing". Haloid subsequently changed its name to Haloid Xerox in 1958 and then Xerox Corporation in 1961.
Xerox had several manufacturing plants all over the world. In this section of the website, we will focus on some of them. According to Rank Xerox International Review 1980, the company had manufacturing sites at Mitcheldean (UK), Welwyn Garden City (UK), Lille (France), Venray (The Netherlands) and Coslada (Spain).
For the market in US, the manufacturing site was at Webster campus in Rochester.
A look back at the birth of xerography and the impact the invention has made on the business world over the past 75 years.