Xerox was founded in 1906 in Rochester as The Haloid Photographic Company, which originally manufactured photographic paper and equipment. In 1938 Chester Carlson, a physicist working independently, invented a process for printing images using an electrically charged drum and dry powder “toner”.

Joseph C. Wilson, credited as the “founder of Xerox”, took over Haloid from his father. He saw the promise of Carlson’s invention and, in 1946, signed an agreement to develop it as a commercial product. Wilson remained as President/CEO of Xerox until 1967 and served as Chairman until his death in 1971.

Looking for a term to differentiate its new system, Haloid coined the term Xerography from two Greek roots meaning “dry writing”. Haloid subsequently changed its name to Haloid Xerox in 1958 and then Xerox Corporation in 1961.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xerox

A look back at the birth of xerography and the impact the invention has made on the business world over the past 75 years.


  1. I hired on to Xerox in 1970 and was trained and worked on all the machines your website shows, plus the 10 series. I also launched the 5090 and Docutech families. I trained over 1000 techs to service Xerox machines both at Xerox and as an independent training center owner after leaving Xerox .

  2. In the early 70,s, I met with C. Peter McColough, CEO of Xerox . We discussed the PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) that he started. At PARC, Xerox developed the Alto personal computer, mouse, Ethernet, windows, internet protocols, and laser printing.
    At that time, the company was more interested in copiers than computers, and gave the inventions away to Steve Jobs and Bill Gates.

  3. I was hired in 1978 and trained on the 3100f and the 813/660 copiers. Later they added the 3300 then the 1075/1090. Eventually I was schooled on the 5100/5800.

  4. Yeah-boy, I worked for Xerox starting in 1984. First machine trained on was the 1045, followed next year by the1048, 1040, 1050, etc. My territory was midtown south ( 33rd to 23rd, Madison to 1st ave not including the hospitals) Eventually, I was everywhere south of 42nd. Loved it, no wait, HATED IT !

  5. Just came across this site: For a documentation I’m looking for information from an employee of Rank Xerox in Dusseldorf. Hope very much that Gerhard Rudolf reads this and would like to get in touch.

  6. Enter the great family XEROX ( XICA ) in 1973 formed by the best teachers of XMEX some QDDG, start with the model Xerox 813, 914, 720 and thereafter until today with the family Versalink, Altalink and until Jehovah so said. Blessings

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