Xerox 9200

Created: October 27, 2013 10:43 am by Admin
Modified: December 19, 2017 1:19 pm by Admin

April 1974: The Xerox 9200 duplicating system offered automatic document feeding and collating, reduction and double-sided copies, with the speed of two copies in a second.

Did you know? The design name of the Xerox 9200 was Ardrii

Xerox 9200 operating panel, and descriptions of the different functions.

Xerox 9200 operating panel

Reduction: there where three preset reductions one could choose from - 98%, 74% and 65%

Auxiliary paper tray - this was used for enabling the 500 sheet paper tray. An example of this could be when the machine was producing a large single sided series with copies, and the main paper tray was almost empty. You could then load the auxiliary paper tray with paper, push the button "AUXILIARY PAPER TRAY". The machine then started to feed paper from the aux paper tray, and you could then load paper in the main paper tray. By doing this, there was no stop in the production.
Light original -
Colored background -

Document handler
Job recovery - this was used to recover a job after paper/document crash
Multiple -
Single -

Job supplement - if someone needed a few copies, and the machine was in the middle of a large series, you could put the job on hold and let others make a few copies.
Sets - for sort and make sets of a document containing several pages, one could enable this function.
Stacks - lets say you should make 3000 copies of one single side. Instead of have the copies come out of the main output tray (which could hold up to 250 sheets), you could stack the copies in the sorter.


The automatic document handler (1) holds up to fifty documents for automatic feeding and scanning. Alternatively, single originals can be placed on the flat glass platen (2). After exposure to the four flash tubes (3), the image is directed onto the xerographic belt (4), via the zoom lens (5), which can adjust the image size from 61.5% to up to 102% of the oroginal size. The xerographic image is transferred to the paper, which has been fed along the straight paper path (6) from either the main paper tray (7) or the auxiliary tray (8). The image is fused (9) permanently to the paper and the finished prints then collect either in the receiving tray (10) or are automatically collated into sets or stacks by the 'limitless' on-line sorter (11).






 Floor Space Requirements (Meters/Feet)

(Centimeters) / (inches)

 168 / 66.2

 198 / 78

 145 / 57.1

 926 / 2042

 3 x 3 / 11 x 8

Do you have any more information about this model, or have brochures / pictures? Please leave a reply in the form below, or send an email to


  1. My dad had one of these in the general offices of the railroad where he worked. When he would take me in to work on weekends sometimes, I was always making copies of my hand, my face, etc., and he’d even let me copy things he received on his old Xerox Telecopier (I think they call those fax machines nowadays…) at the office that he had to distribute. I think that was responsible for my present-day office machine geekery.

    • yeah, it was always fun to make copies of hands or head. I remember that I did this myself 🙂 I have never used a 9200, but I was a operator of 9400 and 9500. Big machines that made a lot of noise.

  2. When we launched the 9200 in 1972, all we had was analog machines, 2400,3600,914,813,etc. This and the 4000 series were the first digital machines with actual printed circuit boards controlling the functions. This was new to us in service, and we had to learn a new technology. The magnetic roll development, introduced on the 9200, is used today on most machines, and was a development of 3M company, licensed by Xerox.

    • Hi Daryle,

      You must have worked in NYC. I understand that was one of the first launch areas. (I started just after launch of the 9200 in the Western Region on the 9200 “New Hire Program”, 3rd. Quarter ’75)

      As you experienced, the 4000/4500 family first, then the 9200 were Xerox’s first digital “controlled” copier or duplicator. It was explained to me as a new hire that Xerox invested more money in R&D for the 9200, than Boeing spent for their newly introduced 747 jetliner. Xerox had fully gambled on the 9200 program.

      I remembered how pressmen hated the 9200, because it took away their work as trained professionals. Xerox gave “Key Operator” trainning to anyone for free. I experienced how the 9200 introduced the world to “electronic printing” and forever changed the landscape of the printing industry.

      The mag roll development was a huge improvement over the cascade system for both keeping the machine “clean”, and clean copy quality at twice the industry highest copy output speed. (2-impressions per second or 120 per minute)

      Also another industry first, the “bias transfer roll” (aka BTR), to transfer the developed image from the photoreceptor to paper at this new industry output speed.

      Don’t forget “flash exposure” where we would bypass the safety and lockouts and turn the room into a “disco” when testing.

      Thanks Daryle for the memories!


  3. The development of this machine – precursor to the 9400, 9500, 9900, and 8200 – was a truly massive effort buy Xerox, one of the largest and most expensive commercial projects ever undertaken. The field service force, of which I was a member, was at this time one of the most highly-developed logistical operations in American business.

    The development and release of this machine also marked,, sadly, the final hurrah of the glory days. It was all downhill after this for many, many years.

  4. Also, although the article above mentions a 1974 release, I could be wrong but I don’t remember the 9200 being generally available until later in the 70’s.

      • I was selling the 9200 (or not selling it, as the case might be) in 1975/76 and it had been out for a little while before. We were marketing it as a cleaner, less expensive alternative to the printing press; print shops and the craftsmen who were running the presses resented it.

  5. My first actual practical dive into the use of Boolean logic: flip up that card cage and install those jumper wires in the matrix to turn components on and off to troubleshoot wiring problems, dicey jam switches, and…and… wow, this was a fun machine! F_U_N _ !!!

    Except when you had to adjust the corotron currents, the BTR voltage, replace the flash tube trigger wires or the burned out flash tube end blocks in the optics cavity, replace the developer module roll rack chains and gears because the spray of developer from the lousy foam seals that acted like abrasive grit that ground away moving parts, or clean the clock pulse sensor. And let’s not discuss that retard belt assembly in the document feeder, okay?

    What th’ heck, it was a living. At least they fixed some of the issues in the 9400…

  6. Writing as an end-user rather than an engineer we found its document handler was fundamentally flawed in that it had to be loaded vertically from the front which meant the original was sent on a non-straight path and used to jam quite a bit on the bend, but what a machine when they worked, the 94/9500s were superb kit. I was sent on the “advanced customer training” (act) course, to Newport Pagnell, a two week residential to supplement the maintenance of them, probably the most enjoyable 2 weeks I ever spent with Xerox.

  7. We had one of these monsters at Bethlehem Steel Corp; Supply Division. Funny thing, they used one of these in the movie 9 to 5

  8. I had just joined Xerox and trained on the 9400 when the movie “9 to 5” was released. As soon as I saw it in the movie, I said to my wife, “that’s the 9400 I just trained on… but they’ve added a bunch of extra flashing lights to the UI” Of course, when the machine goes nuts I about died laughing!

  9. I just started my “career job” with Xerox as a new hire with the 9200 on Aug. 3, 1975. (Office: Los Angeles -Central) The 9200 had just lunched in the Western Region.

    Day 2-Flight 76 LAX to Dulles Airport for 2-months of 9200 training at the newly opened Xerox training Center, Leesburg, VA.

    The Xerox 9400, 9500, 8200 & 9700 laser printer were all products designed from the 9200 engine.

    A very exciting company, and group of people I still call my friends. I will always appreciate the opportunities I enjoyed with my 20-career with Xerox Corp.

  10. I worked in the concourse area of Xsquare. I was selected to be the “key operator” of the new secret machine being delivered. Armed guards, a secret room was constructed in Melvina Schmidts print shop, we had AB Dick duplicators. Xerox wanted to compare 9200 prints to the offset duplicator prints. 2-3 months in that room with 3 cameras, 2 3/4 in video tape recorders, and a note taker named Jan. She recorded every job, every jam. if I dropped something she noted “dexterity lapse-“. The design name of the Xerox 9200 was Ardrii, not Ardry, not Audry. It means “King-of-Kings from Ancient Arsacidan dynasty. (I think). 1974? My mom worked on the 25th floor of Xsquare as an executive secretary, unbeknown to me, she was typing the 9200 daily reports for engineers & Webster. I later joined the Image Processing Area in Webster bldg 128, they had studied the “Zapruder Film” Pres. Kennedy assination. In IPA I maintained a 6500 color copier that had an Hesso Laser Scanner hack sawed-tywraped into it. The 6500 was being “fed” images from a network of Xerox Alto II’s. (1978-79?). I sure loved working at Xerox.

  11. I was a Rank Xerox Work Controller (service engineer dispatcher) at Denham (near London) in 1976-77. Most of us were assigned to a geographic area, but we had one controller who was assigned to the 9200 across the whole region. Her job was to get a rep out to the machine within two hours of a call. Given the staffing the rest of us had to call on, and a problem (crisis?) we had with MTBF at that time, we struggled to get out to other models in two days.

  12. I ran one of these in 1985. It was a great copier. Loved the ADF, belt drum, and the sorter. Also had a service key to bypass the interlocks. No one would let that happen today. We called it E.T. ET only had one issue.. the fingers on the lower sorter started to rub on the belt rod.. about three months later, it had cut the rod and caused a big BANG!!!!.. This is how a machine should be made.

  13. Oh boy, the 9200.
    Hired as a tech rep in 1980, my first class was in Leesburg on the 9200. 6 weeks long.
    We were professional, coats and ties were the norm for daily wear at XICTMD. “You are the elite… If you are in this class, you are working on the most advanced Xerographic product ever invented. Our customers depend upon you for their service, and by proxy, their business and profit. When our customers are pleased with us, it is because you have listened to them, responded to their needs, and met their requirements. You will not find a higher reward than a satisfied customer.”
    The 92 opened the door for the beginning of just in time printing. Yes, it had it’s moments. The document handler could be wonky. I replaced thousands of grain of wheat lamps. Flash tubes, endblocks, trigger wires, all needed attention on a pretty regular basis. The mirrors needed cleaning, the selenium photoreceptor got pumiced. Corotrons were restrung with gold wire, and corotron currents were set with a multimeter and a suitcase ESV for charge. 12 pounds of developer was dumped and replaced about every 400 to 500 thousand copies, if the roll rack held together and didn’t sling the contents all over the inside of the machine But when she ran, she ran well, racking up serious copies between calls if you did your job correctly and had a little intuition as to what might go boink.
    I really loved the 9200. The 9400 and 9500 were born from it, the 8200, was based on it’s technology, the 9700 got a laser and emulated an IBM line printer, putting us in a lot of places and taking over printing.
    Here I am 37 years later, still at Xerox, still trying to keep my customer base happy, and still changing developer, although now we are up to about 1 million prints between changes. Xerox has changed, the world has changed, and we helped change it.

  14. Hired into “da loop” in Chicago Sept ’74 into Dups, 2400/3600/7000 as replacement for Senior techs going to the “it’s a miracle” machine. Being in Chicago Loop Brother Dominic made quite a few visits to major accounts and kickoffs. What a time it was and 43 yrs later we still consider it the best company back then because we were family. XICTMD is long gone, I think I spent @9 months there all together. Now it’s all plastic and sub assemblies.

  15. This was the introduction into production copying/printing.
    The 9200/9400 was, electronically, a fun machine to work on. It was a bear mechanically. It did, however, usher in the beginning of the end for the offset press. I was hired in Mid-Town Manhattan as a tech. I am still in production printing, albeit with Canon now, in the workflow software arena.
    Thanks for the walk down memory lane!

  16. I came on board with Xerox in 1976 iwith the 9200 in the Miami Branch. Best career choice ever! It was a great time and a great product. The training at Leesberg was second to none. I can remember just how massive it was and the sheer volume of paper it consumed, 7200 copies an hour. The main tray held 5 reams of paper and the aux tray about 250. The ADH (Automatic Document Handler) could be a bear to adjust, but when done to specification, it worked better than anything else on the market at that time. The photoreceptor was a belt that had, as I recall, 7 different stages of images around its perimeter from the latent electronic image to the cleaning brush beneath the “C” transport. The 2 hour response time meant that staffing levels were higher than the other machines. It was a mechanical marvel, as were those that followed. The first time we saw the image quality of the 9500 and its smaller sister the 8200, we were totally flabbergasted! We didn’t think that kind of solid was possible on a copier. I was fortunate enough to advance up to the Operational Technical Support position and enjoyed working with many fine techs and customers from Miami all the way to West Palm Beach Branch. I left ten years later just after the 9900 came out. It was a wonderful time!

  17. The 9200 was released around the 2nd quarter of 1975. I was the 6th person trained in the NYC Manhattan area. Leesburg was a new facilty, and it was running double shift to train up all the techs that were needed for the product.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


Do the math before submitting the form. * Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.